KAROL KOSICKI - "THE GUARDIAN OF SILESIAN NATIONALITY"

Summary

The article is attempt to show the figure of Karol Kosicki, the squire of the property of Wilkowice Wielkie in the Tarnowskie Gory province in Upper Silesia, living in the years 1788-1863. Karol Kosicki, although coming from the German family, was one of the most active propagators of Polish nationality and education. He participated in many organizations and societes, particularly in the period of the Revolution of 1848 favouring the realization of such initiatives, he demanded the estabilishing of Polish reading rooms and libraries for "the common folk" and the organized collections of books he supported with gifts of many books. Besides, in 1851-1853 he published the Polish journal "Poradnik dla Ludu Gornoslaskiego". All his life he fought against Prussian administration for the possibility of using the Polish language freely by the Silesians.

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TYPES OF LIBRARIES IN THE UPPER SILESIA IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY

Summary

Polish libraries which were founded and worked in Upper Silesia in the second half of the 19th century are characterized by the multitude and diversity of forms. Sometimes they constitute the continuity of former accomplishments, but more often they are manifestation of new ways of giving the run of collections of books. Except private collections which had already existed in the first half of the century and the collections in convents, parochial churches and schools, a new form of educational libraries within the reach of general piblic and many association and union libraries emerged. The development of new forms ran in two directions: on the one hand there were collections designed for specific groups of readers (lending libraries for women, for prisoners, for soldiers, for the sick) and on the other hand collections serving the needs of institutions they were run by (attached to theatres, editorial offices, factories).

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THE PICTURE OF POLISH EDUCATION IN UPPER SILESIA IN THE LATTER HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY IN THE CONTEXT OF REGIONAL PERIODICAL PUBLICATION (PRELIMINARY REMARKS)

Summary

The polish population of Upper Silesia evinced a decidedly hostile reaction to the progressive germanisation. In the 19th century the Silesian people, despite the escalating repression, the lack of Polish schools maintained their feeling of national identity, national language and culture. They brought up their children in a truly Polish spirit and the most effective part of their upbringing was that which took place in the family homes. The Polish language press published in Upper Silesia proved to be of valuable assistance in the propagation of education and national feelings (accustoming them to the Polish literary language, spreading information of Polish national history). From time to time it was endeavoured to arouse the activity of the young people by organizing various events of wider significance, e.g.competitions or actions to promote writing letters to the various editorial boards. Careful study of the Upper Silesian periodical publications of the 19th century could contribute much further information on the subject of shaping the national consciousness in Silesia during this period.

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THE BEGINNINGS OF AN ORGANISED POLISH READING MOVEMENT IN UPPER SILESIA (1848-1849)

Summary

In Upper Silesia before 1848 there were to be found several school, private and church libraries and also reading circles. Certain books and periodicals were also circulated on subscriptions. The events of 1848 stirred up a national educational urge. On October 12th 1848, on the initiative of local patriots, the Association of those Working for the Education of the People of Upper Silesia was founded; a little earlier the "Dziennik Gornoslaski" (Upper Silesian Newspaper) began to be printed. Already in September of 1848 a public library was set up in Bytom with a periodicals' reading room, and by the early days of 1849 seven branch libraries were to be found in small towns and villages of Upper Silesia. The book collections grew mainly due to gifts, sent also from Galicia and Great Poland. By the middle of 1849 the Bytom library owned a total of 508 volumes (385 titles) while a monthly number of 40-50 regular readers made use of this factility. The books offered were principally belles letters, religious and historical works; there were, however, also books on law, medicine, agriculture and other subjects. In quite a short time a fairly large number of reading rooms were set up in Upper Silesia, including a reading room with books and periodicals specially for miners. The Polish reading movement developed in the years 1848-1849 continued with further activities in numerous libraries and reading rooms which were founded in later years.

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JOZEF PUCHNIEWSKI - A MAN OF THEATRE AND CULTURAL ACTIVIST IN ZAGLEBIE DABROWSKIE (1885-1913)

Summary

Jozef Puchniewski - an actor, a singer and a director as well as a manager of theatrical companies, acting in many towns of the Polish Kingdom and Galicia, he was in Sosnowiec many times. These performances started in 1885 when Puchniewski being the manager of the operetta in Lodz achieved great success in Zaglebie. Also later on, when he acted with his operetta repertoire in Czestochowa, he appeared for a short time in Sosnowiec. Since the foundatoin of the Sosnowiec theatre in 1897 Puchniewski tried to rent it. He managed to achieve this intention in January 1905. The team headed by Henryk Tadeusz Halicki within several months presented many dreams, comedies, folk and middle-class plays and vaudevilles. The next contact of Puchniewski with the Sosnowiec audience falls in the years 1912-1913.

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